SAT第十讲:文本循证题的解题技巧附例题

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发表于 2018-4-10 15:02:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
新SAT自从16年3月登陆北美以来,一直都是大家研究的一个热点方向。和老SAT相比,新SAT阅读似乎更接地气了,对考生也似乎友好了一点,除了答错不扣分外,还删掉了一个干扰选项,由五个选项变成了四个选项。除了增加了CHART和相应的题型外,新SAT还增加了一种新的题型且不得不引起我们的注意,这就是循证题。新东方张俊鹏老师要和大家分享的就是SAT阅读的循证题的特点,解题技巧和附例详解:
SAT阅读循证题出题有以下几个特点:
第一:成对出题,也称连环出题
CB要求考生知其然,还要知其所以然。需要做答上道题后,还要紧跟着在下道题中找到上道题正确选项的依据,如下图所示:
The passage implies that Holmes knows that Watson?
(A) has been trying to make his own inferences about the client.
(B) recognizes the client from a previous meeting.
(C) cannot understand why the client has chosen to come to them.
(D) understands the client better than Holmes does.
Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?
(A) lines 15–17 (“A frayed...him”)
(B) lines 17–20 (“Altogether...features”)
(C) lines 21–23 (“Sherlock...glances”)
(D) lines 23–26 (“Beyond...else”)
第二:数目众多
循证题考察数目较多,每篇文章至少出一对。因此每次考试数目加起来大概有14-18道之多。
第三:花费时间较多
很多同学都是先做上一道题,选好答案后,结果发现下面的证据选项中根本没有对应的lines。这就有点尴尬了。
根据以上特点,笔者和大家分享一些循证题的基本思路。
首先,此类题目都建议先读后一道题对应的lines。有很多时候4个选项(一般情况下至少有3个选项)的lines都是较为集中的,甚至是连在一起的。可以把这些内容作为一个整体读完后,加以理解。然后,看上一道题,找出正确答案后,才回到下道题,选出精确的对应。
如果遇到后道题的lines较为分散,那么建议可以读完AB选项对应的lines后,回到上道题读完四个选项,了解需要推导的内容,这时有50%概率可以选出答案。如果没有答案,带着问题读完下道题CD选项对应的Lines。这样做的目的是为了防止Lines过于分散时, 有的同学不知所措。
还有一个小技巧是,注意下道题让我们选的是上道题的evidence。什么是evidence呢? 一般来说是客观的,可以是实验结果,可以是事实,可以是专家意见,可以是统计数据;但不能是主观臆断。凭这一点,有时可以直接秒杀一些选项,因为他们一看就不是客观的,不能作为evidence。


文本循证题 --- 考前小测
1. Which choice best supports the claim that Nawab performs his duties for Harouni well?


A.Lines 28-32 (“By his...Lahore”)
B.Lines 40-42 (“The landowner...ahead”)
C.Lines 46-49 (“In your...should”)
D.Line 58 (“I’ve...years”)


A.By his superhuman efforts he almost managed to maintain K. K. Harouni in the same mechanical cocoon, cooled and bathed and lighted and fed, that the landowner enjoyed in Lahore.
B.The landowner, who was cheerfully filing his nails in front of a crackling rosewood fire, told him to go ahead.
C.In your service I have earned these gray hairs”---here he bowed his head to show the gray---” and now I cannot fulfill my duties as I should.
D.I’ve eaten your salt for all my years.(2016-05-Asia)


2. According to the passage, which expectation do traditional authorities now face?


A.They should be uninfluenced by commercial considerations.
B.They should be committed to bringing about positive social change.
C.They should be respectful of the difference between public and private knowledge.
D.They should be transparent about their beliefs and assumptions.


Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?


A.Lines 2-5 (“Unlike...people”)
B.Lines 20-21 (“The production...process”)
C.Lines 33-38 (“As part...decisions”)
D.Lines 43-46 (“Editors...viewers”)


A.Unlike personal or private knowledge (such as the health of one’s friends and family; the conduct of a private hobby; a secret liaison), public knowledge increases in value as it is shared by more people.
B.The production, circulation, and reception of public knowledge is a complex process.
C.As part of the general process of the transformation of authority whereby there has been a reluctance to uncritically accept traditional sources of public knowledge, the demand has been for all authority to make explicit the frames of value which determine their decisions.
D.Editors are increasingly casting a glance at the “most read” lists on their own and other websites to work out which stories matter to readers and viewers. (2016-05-Asia)


3. Based on the passage, which question are astronomers unable to answer unless they know a particular exoplanet’s mass?


A.How similar to Earth is that planet in its ratio of rock to gas?
B.Was that planet formed at about the same time that Earth was?
C.What is the size of the parent star that planet orbits?
D.Does that planet orbit a parent star in conjunction with a companion planet?


Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?


A.Lines 5-9 (“The results ... stars”)
B.Lines 15-17 (“To know... mass”)
C.Lines 31-34 (“If both ... masses”)
D.Lines 70-72 (“They... radius”)


A.The results, announced at a meeting of the American Astronomical Society, also show the power of an up-and-coming method of calculating the masses of alien worlds from the way they eclipse their stars.
B.To know whether it is rocky, gaseous, or some mixture of the two, astronomers also need its mass.
C.If both planets were transiting, astronomers could measure the perturbations in both their orbits and work out the planets' masses.
D.They found that the outer, KOI-314c, which orbits the star every 23 days, has the same mass as Earth, although it is about 60% larger than Earth in radius. (2017-05-U.S.)


4. In Passage 2, Thoreau indicates that some unjust aspects of government are


A.superficial and can be fixed easily.
B.subtle and must be studied carefully.
C.self-correcting and may be beneficial.
D.inevitable and should be endured.


Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?


A.Lines 45-48 (“Unjust...once”)
B.Lines 51-52 (“They...evil”)
C.Lines 58-59 (“If the injustice...go”)
D.Lines 75-78 (“A man...wrong”)


A.Unjust laws exist; shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once?
B.They think that, if they should resist, the remedy would be worse than the evil.
C.If the injustice is part of the necessary friction of the machine of government, let it go, let it go;
D.A man has not everything to do, but something; and because he cannot do everything, it is not necessary that he should do something wrong.... (2016-05-Asia)


文本循证题是新SAT出题的重点和难点,你需要区分的是,循证是让你找上一道题选项的证据,还是只是题干的证据;前者是两道题,后者一道题。(例如小测中的第一题就是单独一道)要说解这类的简便方法,那新东方张俊鹏老师(微信250214280)可以负责人的告诉大家:“这真的没有”。这类题目就是花时间的题,你要认真有耐心的看下去,当你熟悉之后才会慢慢提高速度。虽然没有简便方法,但却有更为合理的解题逻辑。

  1. 寻找题干的证据
这类题目比较简单,只要审题正确,不要把他看成是找上一题选项的证据的话一般都能做对。将四个选项分别在文中标记出来,看哪个能回答题干的问题。

  2. 寻找上一题选项的证据
这种题比较难,同学们尽量在练习的时候就养成习惯,遵循比较合理的解题方式,慢慢地在难题上才能更加游刃有余。
Step1: 看上一题题干,看问题问的是什么
Step2:看下一道题选项行号,浏览过程中对应标记在文章中
Step3:根据上一道题的问题,直接选出下一道题的对应答案处(绝大多数题能选出来)
Step4: 上一题的解题原则是:同义转写下一题选出的对应行号内容

按部就班的再把上面四道题做一遍吧,一定要在原文中标记对应行号,因为有时候多半句或少半句都可能改变哪一个是正确选项哦~。四道题答案依次是:A/DC/AB/DC。

SAT阅读文本循证题是非常需要练习方法的一种题型,更多SAT阅读学习资料,持续关注新东方张老师哦,预祝童鞋们都能取得SAT好成绩。

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